AskDefine | Define erebus

Dictionary Definition

Erebus n : (Greek mythology) Greek god of darkness who dwelt in the underworld; son of Chaos; brother of Nox; father of Aether and Day

Extensive Definition

In Greek mythology, Erebus or Erebos (Ancient Greek: , English translation: "deep blackness/darkness or shadow") was the son of a primordial god Chaos and represented the personification of darkness and shadow, which filled in all the corners and crannies of the world. He was the offspring of Chaos alone. He was brother of Nyx and father with her of Aether and Hemera, according to Hesiod (c. 700 BC). According to Hyginus (c. AD 1), he was the father of Geras.
According to some later legends, Erebus was part of Hades, the underworld. It was where the dead had to pass immediately after dying. After Charon ferried them across the river Acheron, they entered Tartarus, the underworld proper. Erebus was often used as a synonym for Hades, the Greek god of the underworld.
The word is probably from Proto-Indo-European language, *h1regwos, cognate to Old Norse røkkr, Gothic riqis "darkness", Sanskrit rajani "night", Tocharian orkäm "darkness". Another suggestion is a loan from Semitic, c.f. Hebrew erebh and Akkadian erebu "sunset, evening" (hence, "darkness"). The same etymology of "sunset" has been suggested for Europe.
erebus in Bosnian: Ereb
erebus in Breton: Erebos
erebus in Bulgarian: Ереб
erebus in Catalan: Èreb
erebus in Czech: Erebos
erebus in Danish: Erebos
erebus in German: Erebos
erebus in Estonian: Erebos
erebus in Modern Greek (1453-): Έρεβος (μυθολογία)
erebus in Spanish: Érebo
erebus in Esperanto: Erebo
erebus in Persian: اربوس
erebus in French: Érèbe
erebus in Galician: Erebo
erebus in Croatian: Ereb
erebus in Indonesian: Erebus
erebus in Italian: Erebo
erebus in Hebrew: ארבוס (אל)
erebus in Luxembourgish: Erebos
erebus in Lithuanian: Erebas
erebus in Hungarian: Erebosz
erebus in Dutch: Erebus (god)
erebus in Japanese: エレボス
erebus in Norwegian: Erebos
erebus in Polish: Ereb
erebus in Portuguese: Érebo
erebus in Romanian: Erebus
erebus in Russian: Эреб
erebus in Simple English: Erebos
erebus in Slovak: Erebos
erebus in Serbian: Ереб
erebus in Serbo-Croatian: Ereb
erebus in Finnish: Erebos
erebus in Swedish: Erebos
erebus in Turkish: Erebus
erebus in Ukrainian: Ереб
erebus in Chinese: 厄瑞玻斯

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

Aides, Aidoneus, Cerberus, Charon, Cora, Despoina, Dis, Dis pater, Egyptian darkness, Hades, Hel, Kore, Loki, Minos, Orcus, Osiris, Persephassa, Persephone, Pluto, Proserpina, Proserpine, Rhadamanthus, Satan, blackness, dark, darkness, darkness visible, dead of night, intense darkness, lightlessness, moonlessness, night, obscure, obscure darkness, obscurity, pitch-darkness, pitchy darkness, starlessness, sunlessness, swarthiness, tenebrosity, tenebrousness, the palpable obscure, total darkness, velvet darkness
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